الأفعال المُلحَقة Can Could و May Might Must

الأفعال المُلحَقة Can Could و May Might Must 1
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Can

1- تُستخدم للتعبير عن القدرة (على القيام بفعل شيء) .

أمثلة :

I can make jewelry.

He can’t speak French.

Can you open this jar?

2- تُستخدم لطب الإذن .

أمثلة :

Can I use your bathroom?

Can I leave now?

Can I raise the volume?

3- تُستخدم للطلب أو للاقتراح .

أمثلة :

Can I have more napkins?

Can I have the bill?

You can take this spot if you like.

You can do whatever you want.

Could (ماضي Can)

1- تُستخدم لوصف القدرة (في الماضي) .

أمثلة :

I could swim when I was young.

You could see the boat sinking.

They could tell he was nervous.

2- تُستخدم غالبًا كفعل مساعد للتعبير عن طلب الإذن بأدب .

أمثلة :

Could I take this jacket with me?

You could borrow my umbrella.

Could you please let me pass you?

Could I get you more water?

3- تُستخدم للتعبير عن الإمكان .

أمثلة :

All of them could ride in the van.

You could always stay at our house.

Could it be true?

This plan could really work out.

May

1- تُستخدم لطلب الإذن الرسمي .

أمثلة :

May I come in?

May I say something now?

May I ask one question?

2- تُستخدم لاقتراح شيء يمكن أن يحدث .

أمثلة :

She may agree with this plan.

They may not be happy about what happened.

It may shower tonight.

Might (ماضي May)

* تُستخدم لاقتراح إمكانية حدوث شيء ، (ولكن أقل من May) .

* في الواقع؛ Might أكثر استخدامًا من May في اللهجة الأمريكية .

أمثلة :

He might have finished it.

I might go see a doctor.

I might not come this time.

It might be right.

You might have lost it.

The store might have been closed today.

Must

1- تُستخدم للتعبير عن شيء مطلوب وضروري بصفة رسمية .

أمثلة :

I must complete the project by this week.

The government must provide health care for everybody.

Everyone must save the natural resources of the earth.

The building must have a fire alarm.

You must answer my question right now.

2- تُستخدم للتعبير عن شيء أنه مرجَّح للغاية .

أمثلة :

He must be a genius.

You must be joking!

There must be an accident.

She must be very tired.

(اختبار 21.1)

اختر الكلمة الصحيحة لكل فراغ مما يأتي :

1) She (can, could, may, might, must) have practiced a lot. Her performance was amazing.

2) I can’t find my watch anywhere. I (can, could, may, might, must) have lost it.

3) Professor, (can, could, may, might, must) I ask a question?

4) (can, could, may, might, must) you please lower your voice?

5) You (can, could, may, might, must) be kidding! How is that possible?

6) I (can, could, may, might, must) speak both English and Chinese fluently.